Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design With Nature by Douglas Farr
Sustainable urbanism is a design movement that aims to create livable, healthy, and environmentally friendly communities. It integrates principles of urban planning, architecture, ecology, and social justice to promote walkability, mixed-use development, renewable energy, and green infrastructure. Sustainable urbanism is not only a vision for the future, but also a practical guide for transforming existing cities and suburbs.
One of the leading advocates of sustainable urbanism is Douglas Farr, an architect and urban designer who has authored two books on the topic: Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design With Nature (2008) and Sustainable Nation: Urban Design Patterns for the Future (2018). In his first book, Farr provides a comprehensive overview of the history, theory, and practice of sustainable urbanism, as well as a set of tools and strategies for implementing it. He also showcases examples of sustainable urban projects from around the world, such as Hammarby SjÃstad in Stockholm, Sweden; BedZED in London, England; and Dockside Green in Victoria, Canada.
Farr's book is available as a PDF file online at archive.org, where you can download it for free or read it on your browser. You can also purchase a hardcover or paperback copy from Wiley, the publisher of the book. Whether you are a student, a professional, or a citizen interested in creating more sustainable communities, you will find Farr's book to be an inspiring and informative resource.One of the key concepts of sustainable urbanism is the transect, which is a way of classifying different types of urban environments based on their density, diversity, and design. The transect ranges from the most natural (T1) to the most urban (T6), and each zone has its own set of standards and guidelines for creating a harmonious and coherent urban fabric. Farr explains how the transect can be used to create context-sensitive and human-scaled development that respects the natural and cultural features of each place.
Another important concept of sustainable urbanism is the LEED for Neighborhood Development (LEED-ND) rating system, which is a tool for measuring and certifying the sustainability performance of urban projects. LEED-ND was developed by the U.S. Green Building Council, the Congress for the New Urbanism, and the Natural Resources Defense Council, with Farr serving as the chair of the core committee. LEED-ND evaluates projects based on three categories: smart location and linkage, neighborhood pattern and design, and green infrastructure and buildings. Farr describes how LEED-ND can be used to incentivize and reward sustainable urbanism practices.
Farr also discusses some of the emerging trends and challenges of sustainable urbanism, such as climate change, social equity, health and wellness, and technology. He argues that sustainable urbanism is not only a technical solution, but also a cultural and political one. He calls for a paradigm shift in the way we think about and design our cities, from a car-centric and consumption-oriented model to a pedestrian-friendly and conservation-oriented one. He also urges for more collaboration and participation among various stakeholders, such as planners, designers, developers, policymakers, and citizens, to create a shared vision and action plan for sustainable urbanism. aa16f39245